Some sources claim this was out of respect for part 1 of Goethe's poetic drama, which the opera follows closely. He accepts and meanwhile reads Wagner’s palm, telling him that if he goes to war, he will be killed. [1], After a successful initial run at the Théâtre Lyrique the publisher Antoine Choudens, who purchased the copyright for 10,000 francs, took the work (now with recitatives replacing the spoken dialogue) on tour through Germany, Belgium, Italy and England, with Marie Miolan-Carvalho repeating her role. Faust, enraptured, hastily signs, after which Méphistophélès offers Faust the same goblet he was about to drink poison from earlier, only now it contains the elixir of youth. He urges the delighted crowd to drink their fill—to Marguerite. It is also possible that the 1861 Dresden title change was out of respect for Spohr's close and long association with the city. Soldiers, citizens, matrons, and young girls join in the merrymaking. Under the watchful eye and malevolent laughter of Méphistophélès, it is clear that Faust's seduction of Marguerite will be successful. Méphistophélès appears, provides the crowd with wine, and sings a rousing, irreverent song about the golden calf ("Le veau d'or"). The original version of Faust employed spoken dialogue, and it was in this form that the work was first performed. Méphistophélès urges Faust to go with him to see Marguerite in person, and both celebrate the joys of passion. Updates? Méphistophélès is joined by Faust and the villagers in a waltz ("Ainsi que la brise légère"). (Marguerite, Martha, Mephistopheles, Faust) Duet - Il se fait tard, adieu! Marguerite allows Faust to kiss her ("Laisse-moi, laisse-moi contempler ton visage"), but then asks him to go away. It is she, not Faust, who, in the opera’s final scene, is taken in by the angels. The first performances of Faust included spoken dialogue between musical numbers. Download the new iPad app to watch on your TV with Apple TV via AirPlay. Faust, opera in five (or sometimes four) acts by French composer Charles Gounod (French libretto by Jules Barbier and Michel Carré) that premiered in Paris on March 19, 1859. Wagner offers Méphistophélès some wine. In 1864, when the opera was given at the same venue in English, Gounod took a theme from the prelude to the opera and wrote a new aria for the star baritone Charles Santley in the role of Valentin, 'Even bravest heart may swell' (with words by Henry Chorley). Méphistophélès and Faust join the women in the garden and romance them. Originally subtitled “concert opera” and later “legend-opera”. It debuted at the Théâtre Lyrique on the Boulevard du Temple in Paris on 19 March 1859, with influential sets designed by Charles-Antoine Cambon and Joseph Thierry, Jean Émile Daran, Édouard Desplechin, and Philippe Chaperon. At most major opera houses, the night lasts for about three hours, usually including at least one intermission. Marguerite appears and Faust declares his admiration, but she refuses Faust's arm out of modesty, a quality that makes him love her even more. The 19th-century French opera, based on the first part of Goethe’s play, Faust, features the title character (sung by David Pomeroy), his struggle with old age, and the regret that he has never truly loved. Toasting the vision of Marguerite, Faust drains the goblet and is transformed into a young man. Faust is set in Germany in the 16th century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Que de bijoux ... Ah! He politely asks to join in the fun and asks Wagner to continue his song, after which he will sing one. He tells Méphistophélès of this setback, and Méphistophélès promises his help. Marguerite's room / A public square outside her house / A cathedral, [Note: The scenes of act 4 are sometimes given in a different order and portions are sometimes shortened or cut in performance.][8]. je ris de me voir si belle en ce miroir”), Faust’s aria (“Salut! Marguerite tries on the jewels and is captivated by how they enhance her beauty, as she sings in the famous aria, the Jewel Song ("Oh dieu! Experience the decadence and elegance of 1870s Paris in David McVicar’s spectacular production of Charles-François Gounod’s best-loved opera. Enjoy a free 7-day trial! In despair Faust follows it with his eyes; he falls to his knees and prays. Méphistophélès maligns Marguerite, and Valentin tries to strike him with his sword, which shatters in the air. MOT’s ‘Faust’ Through May 17at the Detroit Opera House, 1526 Broadway, downtown Detroit. Enjoy a free 7-day trial! It's loosely based on the three-part tragedy, Faust by Goethe and premiered on March 19, 1859, at the Theatre Lyrique in Paris, France. Marthe, Marguerite's neighbour, notices the jewellery and says it must be from an admirer. But God has done nothing for Faust; he cannot get his youth back, or love, or faith. A fair in the marketplace of a German town. Boito began consideration of an opera on the Faustian theme after completing his studies at the Milan Conservatory in 1861. It is said that Berlioz never intended for it to be staged. with Nick Reveles: Gounod's, Les Sept Paroles de Notre Seigneur Jésus-Christ sur la Croix, Exploits and Opinions of Dr. Faustroll, Pataphysician, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Faust_(opera)&oldid=995591592, Operas based on works by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Opera world premieres at the Théâtre Lyrique, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Valentin, a soldier and Marguerite's brother, Marthe Schwertlein, Marguerite's guardian. Siébel eagerly promises to look after her. Valentin, Marguerite’s brother, a soldier (, Siébel, a student of Faust, in love with Marguerite (, Marthe Schwerlein, Marguerite’s neighbour (mezzo-soprano). Even today Germans rarely call the work by its proper name. He draws his sword, but, as he is about to attack Méphistophélès, the sword breaks in two. Méphistophélès brings in a decorated box containing exquisite jewelry and a hand mirror and leaves it on Marguerite's doorstep, next to Siébel's flowers. A chorus of students, soldiers and villagers sings a drinking song ("Vin ou Bière"). Méphistophélès states that only a mortal hand can deliver Marguerite from her fate, and Faust offers to rescue her from the hangman, but she prefers to trust her fate to God and His angels ("Anges purs, anges radieux"). The most famous selections in Gounod’s Faust are the leading lady’s two arias the King of Thule (“Il était un roi de Thulé”) and the Jewel Song (“Ah! When Faust hesitates, Méphistophélès shows him a vision of the beautiful Marguerite at her spinning wheel. Valentin rushes to her cottage. Carefree voices are heard from outside: the women sing of the joys of nature and love, the men of the beautiful day that will find them reaping their fields. (This is often considered the beginning of Act II.). ("Saved!"). The Lord agrees, claiming that Faust will remain a loyal follower. Gounod’s opera does not attempt to match the thematic breadth or the philosophical sophistication of Goethe’s sprawling masterpiece, concentrating instead on Faust’s romantic encounter with Marguerite (Gretchen in Goethe’s drama) and the tragic results of their liaison. Marguerite enters, pondering her encounter with Faust at the city gates, and sings a melancholy ballad about the King of Thule ("Il était un roi de Thulé"). [2], The opera was given for the first time in Italy at La Scala in 1862 and in England at Her Majesty's Theatre, London (in Italian) in 1863. When Wagner and Siébel, a young friend, ask him what is wrong, he replies that he is worried about leaving Marguerite unprotected, for their mother is dead. There are many versions of the story of Faust, who trades his soul with the Devil for youth and power, but Gounod’s opera remains one of the most constantly enthralling. Ah! When he adds, “No more bouquets for Marguerite,” Valentin protests. Those who present five acts do not agree on the placement of certain scenes. The deal will make Faust young again, as the devil will give Faust life on earth and, in return, Faust must spend eternity with Mephistopheles in Hell. The recording, produced by Bru Zane, featured Véronique Gens, Benjamin Bernheim and Andrew Foster-Williams in principal roles.[6]. Demeure chaste et pure (Faust) Aria - Ah! Valentin's company returns from the war to a military march ("Déposons les armes" and "Gloire immortelle de nos aïeux", the well-known "soldiers' chorus"). 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